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Develop fundamental principles of serving customer needs. Implementation of a realistic work environment. To regulars of this blog, it would not be surprising to know that many of those "PUA's" have trouble attracting women outside the West. Oakland Food Policy Council, Introduction to general nature of law and how its meaning affects climate in which a business operates.

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Amino acids must first pass out of organelles and cells into blood circulation via amino acid transporters , since the amine and carboxylic acid groups are typically ionized. Degradation of an amino acid, occurring in the liver and kidneys, often involves deamination by moving its amino group to alpha-ketoglutarate, forming glutamate.

This process involves transaminases, often the same as those used in amination during synthesis. In many vertebrates, the amino group is then removed through the urea cycle and is excreted in the form of urea.

However, amino acid degradation can produce uric acid or ammonia instead. For example, serine dehydratase converts serine to pyruvate and ammonia. The 20 amino acids encoded directly by the genetic code can be divided into several groups based on their properties.

Important factors are charge, hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity , size, and functional groups. The water-soluble proteins tend to have their hydrophobic residues Leu, Ile, Val, Phe, and Trp buried in the middle of the protein, whereas hydrophilic side chains are exposed to the aqueous solvent. Note that in biochemistry , a residue refers to a specific monomer within the polymeric chain of a polysaccharide , protein or nucleic acid.

The integral membrane proteins tend to have outer rings of exposed hydrophobic amino acids that anchor them into the lipid bilayer. In the case part-way between these two extremes, some peripheral membrane proteins have a patch of hydrophobic amino acids on their surface that locks onto the membrane.

In similar fashion, proteins that have to bind to positively charged molecules have surfaces rich with negatively charged amino acids like glutamate and aspartate , while proteins binding to negatively charged molecules have surfaces rich with positively charged chains like lysine and arginine.

There are different hydrophobicity scales of amino acid residues. Some amino acids have special properties such as cysteine , that can form covalent disulfide bonds to other cysteine residues, proline that forms a cycle to the polypeptide backbone, and glycine that is more flexible than other amino acids.

Many proteins undergo a range of posttranslational modifications , when additional chemical groups are attached to the amino acids in proteins. Some modifications can produce hydrophobic lipoproteins , [] or hydrophilic glycoproteins.

For example, the addition and removal of the fatty acid palmitic acid to cysteine residues in some signaling proteins causes the proteins to attach and then detach from cell membranes.

Two additional amino acids are in some species coded for by codons that are usually interpreted as stop codons:. In addition to the specific amino acid codes, placeholders are used in cases where chemical or crystallographic analysis of a peptide or protein cannot conclusively determine the identity of a residue.

They are also used to summarise conserved protein sequence motifs. The use of single letters to indicate sets of similar residues is similar to the use of abbreviation codes for degenerate bases. In addition, many non-standard amino acids have a specific code. For example, several peptide drugs, such as Bortezomib and MG , are artificially synthesized and retain their protecting groups , which have specific codes.

To aid in the analysis of protein structure, photo-reactive amino acid analogs are available. These include photoleucine pLeu and photomethionine pMet. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the class of chemicals. For the structures and properties of the standard proteinogenic amino acids, see Proteinogenic amino acid. A polypeptide is an unbranched chain of amino acids. The amino acid selenocysteine. Protein primary structure and Posttranslational modification.

Protein nutrient and Amino acid synthesis. Diagram of the molecular signaling cascades that are involved in myofibrillar muscle protein synthesis and mitochondrial biogenesis in response to physical exercise and specific amino acids or their derivatives primarily L -leucine and HMB. Biosynthetic pathways for catecholamines and trace amines in the human brain [77] [78] [79].

Biodegradable plastic and Biopolymer. Chemical synthesis of amino acids. Peptide synthesis and Peptide bond. Amino acid dating Beta-peptide Degron Erepsin Homochirality Hyperaminoacidemia Leucines Miller—Urey experiment Nucleic acid sequence Proteinogenic amino acid Table of codons , 3-nucleotide sequences that encode each amino acid. Retrieved 3 July Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English.

Body composition, the functions of food, metabolism and energy". Human nutrition in the developing world. Food and Nutrition Series — No. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. It lacks the NH 2 group because of the cyclization of the side chain and is known as an imino acid ; it falls under the category of special structured amino acids.

Retrieved 4 July Peptides from A to Z: Methods in Molecular Biology — Volume Angewandte Chemie International Edition. Proteins are the Body's Worker Molecules". The Structures of Life. National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Retrieved 20 May An Atlas of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 2nd ed. Retrieved 10 March Current Opinion in Chemical Biology. Die Entdeckung der proteinogenen Aminosäuren von in Paris bis in Illinois.

Berlin, im Mai Advances in Protein Chemistry. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Archived from the original on 14 March Retrieved 28 March Annales de Chimie et de Physique. The Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Journal of Biological Chemistry. Une approche étymologique et historique. Retrieved 19 July Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft. Contrasts in Scientific Style: Research Groups in the Chemical and Biochemical Sciences,.

Archived from the original on 18 January Retrieved 3 January Journal of the American Chemical Society. D-serine in neurotransmission and neurodegeneration". What's not to like? Retrieved 17 November Archived from the original on 9 October Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents 2nd ed.

Oxford dictionary of biochemistry and molecular biology. Principles of medical biochemistry. Food Chemistry 3rd Ed. Trends in Biochemical Sciences. Annual Review of Nutrition. Current Opinion in Microbiology. Posted by Dovahkiin March 25, 8: First off, I'm not saying that the business world doesn't get that feelings exist.

That's not it at all. What I'm saying is that they don't have much interest beyond how it affects their bottom line. Yes it's run by people, probably most of them want to be at little league games and they have families they want to spend more time with so they understand all that. But they also understand that they can't let that overwhelm their logical brain to the point where it affects the business.

Even the Army isn't going to let your feelings get in the way of the war that they have to win. I'm not going to dictate either way for women about where they want to work, or even if they want to work. I don't think it's my place. But the ting I'll fault women for is not making a grownup choice about it. If you choose A, you don't get to whine when you lose out on option B.

If you choose to be a housewife, you don't get to whine about feeling unfulfilled when your neighbor gets a promotion, or poor when your single income means vacation at a local campground instead of the bahamas.

At the same time, you don't get to cry about lack of family time when you choose to make a career in the business world. I've seen some women who are stronger than men, I don't think artificially keeping them out of the workplace helps anything, but there are a lot of women who still think there are no choices to be made.

Posted by EH March 25, I think you have that backwards. If your child was in the Little League game he was trying to go to, he'd just as soon tell you to take your black ass back to Hymietown if your kid slid safe beneath his. Posted by Midlife Guy March 25, I've read a number of her posts, and this is simply brilliant. I wish I could write one third as well as she does.

I've worked in industry for a number of years and climbed the ladder with success. The money is the only reason it was worthwhile. The first decade of "loving your job" and working killer hours turns sour sometime during the second decade. Then you coast into your third decade, try to put things back together and find a hobby.

Thank God I managed to stay married and my kids still talk to me. If I did all that and did not get the money, then I'd truly be a depressed battery. Sooner or later, every job stinks. If you are not getting the money, it stinks twice as much. Focus on getting paid for your work, or focus on your life outside of work. Some people are good at both. But make these decisions intentionally, not carelessly. Posted by Anonymous March 26, March 26, Posted by Anonymous March 26, 3: March 26, 3: Posted by Automaton March 26, 3: The goal here is not to get women to suppress their feelings in order to become better batteries.

Sure Sheryl Sandburg has, but nobody expects Cosmo readers to. The point is exploit and recalibrate those feelings to best serve the system.

Want to be a worthy woman? This is what that sort of woman acts and thinks like. This is the type of respect you may demand parking spaces, crying at work.

This is what beautiful women buy and eat. Better work long and hard to ensure their economic welfare. Posted by EH March 26, 3: Sandberg is a terrible battery, though. She would never allow herself to be taken out of the Palm Pilot and put into a flashlight during a power outage. A "better" battery is one most malleable to the interests of the powerful, switchable between functions willy-nilly: Forget about your 30yrs of expertise and try your math skills at being a Walmart checkout clerk!

I liked your analogy, except that she is powering the flashlight that's only showing you only what you need to see in the dark. Hopefully that doesn't sound overreaching. Posted by Ed S. March 26, 4: Another great example from Alone on how media manipulate ordinary folks into batteries. And it doesn't matter whether you're in the demographic that reads Time or Jezebel. Give me a break. Here's what the "true" advice from Sandberg should be:. No impact on HER success -- she was 4 years into her Google gig when she got married and was Posted by Dovahkiin March 26, 4: I think that's why a lot of modern "education advice" is "find your passion".

If it's your passion, you supposedly don't care about the money, you work long hours to success, and so on. Plus, if you pick something that doesn't pay or have any future whatsoever in college, you get to spend your entire life paying student loans while working for dirt cheap at starbucks.

I'd tell a kid to choose based on the work that pays well enough to get the life he wants and that he won't want to jump off a bridge doing. And get paid for it. March 26, 7: I apologize for my misplaced comment earlier.

Rereading the article and the comments make me realize that I might very well have missed the gist of it. As a man, some of these women issues fly past me if I don't pay enough attention. I'd love to debate, but I'm afraid I only have answers, not perspectives or exciting frames. As merely a personal note, I've never understood those who and they exist are intimidated by a strong woman, whatever that means. I want to find someone to travel life with, and of course I prefer her to be wealthier, smarter, prettier, faster, stronger in fact to be better than me in every respect.

This thinking is of course not central or serve as guideposts. It's just, who wouldn't like to have a superior spouse? What allow me to think like that, is twofold. Firstly it's a phantasy and secondly what form the base of a solid relationship, is communication, friendship, love and willingness to sacrifice ones ego.

Love is often talked of as an emotion or a condition, but as we all know it's far more than that, and that it has no gender, age or regard for what's popular. The only vital factor left out is power. What use is good intentions if one doesn't have the means to execute them? Sure, on judgment day intentions will rule but we have a life to live first.

I am not alone, but there is no-one to talk with, cause I'm powerless. Would you step closer to someone if you knew it meant instability and hardship? Oh take this emo bs with a grain of salt. Think I'll rather find and attack a misspelling.

I'm probably crazy and presently, what I find dismaying is rooted in a particular females idea that she unilaterally decide how it works. Don't want her to go, but even if I did - would she?

Posted by Anonymous March 26, 7: So yeah, for those of us more realistic and logical "masculine" types tend to deal in facts. Those of us oriented toward an understanding of historical and economic fact, rather than validating our feelings -- or in your case prejudices -- often see things more clearly.

It was actually the opposite. So let's get in touch with your logical side. Take more than few minutes to think it through - was it globalization of free trade and cheap labor abroad? I can go on. Oh and 50 years ago our president was assassinated by a man angry at "the system". You really have no idea what you're talking about. Posted by Emily March 26, 7: Posted by Anonymous March 27, 7: March 27, 7: Here's what you should do: Go live in the woods.

Become a wild woman and hunt for berries to survive. Start a hunter-gatherer clan and produce children. That's what you should do. Posted by Anonymous March 27, 8: March 27, 8: Posted by RiverC March 27, 9: March 27, 9: Posted by Anonymous March 28, 3: March 28, 3: Posted by FL March 28, 5: March 28, 5: TLP gotta approve my comments? Didn't think I would have to drink that much rum - it was vodka Posted by Jim Abston March 28, 8: March 28, 8: IMO most men can't face the fact that women are getting better in every aspects!

In a corporate world, it might be a long and hard journey for any career woman yet she can outgun any male competitors. Posted by Anonymous March 28, 8: Posted by PJ March 28, March 28, It's because hipsters can only temporarily relieve their perpetual ennui by purchasing more consumer goods. For those who define themselves by how they look and appear to others, hipsters are a barometer of where to spend their money, consciously or not.

Hipsters are a bellwether of commercial culture. For a society obsessed with image, the hipster lets us look in the mirror, often without realizing it's ourselves we are looking at.

Posted by Anonymous March 28, A truly equal world would be one where women ran half of our countries and companies and men ran half of our homes. The laws of economics and many studies of diversity tell us that if we tapped the entire pool of human resources and talent, our performance would improve. Posted by Ken Begg March 28, Posted by RiverC March 28, I guess if we count the decreasing value of the safety net due to inflation and the general decline of our society, you could call those 'cuts'.

Social spending has exploded in real terms over the last 30 years. That's why government spending is fantastically higher than it's ever been before, and why we borrow 40 cents for every federal dollar we spend. And there's ObamaCare coming down the pike.

And then on top of federal spending is all the state spending. Saying social spending is down by any metric is beyond farcical; it's an insane inversion of reality. Posted by EH March 28, I'm reluctant to engage this obvious tea-partyish derail, but is it down compared to need? After all, there are more people making less now. You engage clearly inane statements with facts, and backed into a corner, liberals smoothly transition into silly abstractions.

By the way, one of the reasons "need", to the extent that can be quantified, is "up"--assuming it is--is because of the gigantic drag government debt is just starting to exert on the economy. I'm not even sure what EH's supposed 'point' is meant to be on military spending. Posted by EH March 28, 1: March 28, 1: You're obviously crystal clear on what you think about this, but I'd say any mention of military spending is offtopic WRT Sheryl Sandberg.

Posted by Anonymous March 28, 1: I didn't mention military spending, past pointing out that it was far smaller than social spending. Again, a simple fact. You've talked about it more than I have. I know you don't seek to police only those people you disagree with, right? I thank you for your kind remark on the clarity of my comments.

Don't worry, if you keep working at it, you can get there too some day. Posted by Shakingfist March 28, 6: March 28, 6: Posted by Anonymous March 28, 7: March 28, 7: I don't think you actually understand when and where these cuts occurred, the demographics they targeted, how costly programs like AFDC would've ended up in the absence of "reform", or what their political aims behind the cuts were at the time.

In real dollar terms spending on welfare is up, so what? There are more people living in the US, and more of them are reduced to debt peonage and stagnant wages. They lack of healthcare and job security to speak of.

Of course spending is going to be up, genius. It's ironic - like most Americans, find difficulty in simple arithmetic, and of course do not have the slightest understanding of the workings of the wasteful, inept but supposedly omnipotent when needed federal gubbmint.

Posted by EH March 28, 7: Posted by Ken Begg March 28, 7: That someone making that claim feels secure in sarcastically referring to someone else as a genius is astounding. You sad, sad person. Social spending has clearly exploded over the last 30 years.

You'll let us know when we get there, right? What a wonderful argument! It allows you to ignore all those icky numbers and facts as unimportant. Another victory for the Stupid Party! You're wrong in the sense that you did not understand the post you were replying to originally, cherry picked one claim and stretch something to mean something it didn't.

Clearly if these cuts were made over a number of decades, spending could still increase later on. For example the major increase in the cost of healthcare, precarious finances of the "middle class" and the uptick poverty -- all demands placed on these systems as a result. These are all facts.

The policies were restructured to spend less at the time they were written, and also to mitigate what was believed to be a "culture of dependency". For example, in , Clinton's bill was sold as a way to save money over the long term and change the way in which welfare was distributed. In a very real sense it was a "cut to social spending" in Over time, spending still increased, due to macroeconomic factors like the uncompetitive price of labor in a lot of sectors of the American economy, especially manufacturing.

This led to a growing underclass of under- and un-employed workers with high debt loads living paycheck to paycheck forced to rely on social spending to fill the gap in their meager wage. What you wrote is your deficit in knowledge of recent history and simple math skills speaking, nothing more. Please read this to further understand why Social Security is currently solvent, and will be for some time and fears to the contrary are being used to justify cuts rather than the minor reforms to preserve its current level of benefits in Ok let's talk this blog, then?

EH your argument was that feminism made the US economy uncompetitive was patently false, and that's what my first post in reply to you was aimed at proving. I'm flattered you think I'm a CIA agent playing 5 dimensional chess with your ideological commitments But wouldn't the culture of "feelings" that's been cultivated in the workplace have a rule in place to prevent me from calling you a mental gimp? I mean since you make such persuasive, credible yet subversive arguments like "women ruined America" I'm sure you're on a watch list somewhere.

Best of luck getting that RFID chip out of you. Posted by Ken Begg March 28, 9: March 28, 9: The thing I keep noticing is you that can't simply say, "You were right.

But by dancing around the issue, you basically undermine everything else you say. Although admittedly your positions can't stand much more undermining, so I understand your hesitancy. Another instance is how you can't apparently say, "I was wrong. A bit ago you wrote, "Social security actually is financially sound. That 'currently' is a rather big matter, isn't it? You can look at a guy who's bleeding out an apt analogy, given our discussion and say "He's currently fine.

Then you post some article by the internationally famous Matt Bruening. Just saying someone is right wing doesn't add anything to the discussion.

Address the substance of what they are saying. Again, though, that puts people like you at a serious disadvantage. Bruening in his hilariously unserious post natters on about fixes for SS. His supposed solutions all exist in a vacuum.

The government is right now adding trillions of dollars to the national debt every year, when you throw in state debts which doesn't even take into account SS and Medicaid shortfalls and pension obligations. Don't worry, when the nation's entire financial house falls due to Lovecraftian levels of national debt, the SS room will be left standing.

My 'right wing' sources that I personally am relying on? Forbes and the even more notoriously 'right wing' ABC News. Maybe sounds a long way away to you, but perhaps you should ask my 6 year old niece how far away that sounds.

And given that their solvency estimate dropped three years in but twelve months, are you seriously going to tell me you expect SS to remain solvent even that long? Because I sure as heck don't. Posted by Anonymous March 28, 9: This "eternal child" I won't say Peter Pan [complex] because that's different in significant ways both loves and loathes this self—image.

Posted by Ace of Spades March 28, 9: Posted by Automaton March 28, I'm pretty certain the borderline sleeve is to disguise self injury. However, a few years ago these and sweatbands covering the wrists were fashionable among first wave "emo" kids.

It sort of implied that you might be cutting to others in that subculture, without actually having to cut. Alone has criticized at length the process through which mental illnesses are categorized, diagnosed, and treated.

Self-injury puts any teenaged girl on the fast-track to a borderline personality diagnosis. This continued to happen even as cutting supplanted black lipstick as a social signal to other teenagers that one's suffering was authentic. DSM, curiously, includes mood swings and unstable interpersonal relationships. As prophesized, these girls will continue with adolescent attention-seeking behaviors of this variety into adulthood, learning they will be always be rewarded Seroquel and Alones.

Posted by Ace of Spades March 28, Posted by Anonymous March 29, 3: March 29, 3: Also let's ignore for a second the absurdity of implicitly accepting a political label I have no allegiance to. First of all, as a result of the 14th amendment, the federal government isn't permitted to default on its debt obligations. A default would require a protracted court battle between congress and the white house, for which congress probably will not have the votes.

There are also much bigger macroeconomic problems than the government debt at the moment. Anyways, my money's on protracting the fight as long as possible in order for both sides to save face. On this here comment thread however I will bid thee farewell.

Posted by Kat Fud March 29, 4: March 29, 4: OMG I must be some kind of unicorn. I am female, hispanic, and a software developer in Silicon Valley. The few other women I work with are either Asian, Indian, or Russian. I had a good laugh when one of my female Indian coworkers was "promoted". But since she's "promoted", she has double the responsibility. Yay, promotions, yay, a seat at the table for 12 hours a day.

She's a terrific engineer, don't get me wrong, but after I pointed out what really happened, she realized that all the extra hours she was working were basically going to be at less than minimum wage. Posted by Annie March 29, 4: With the technology today, a person can come up with great idea and have strong determination is always the winner.

She's passionate and does have strong believe in her career. It doesn't matter anymore for different gender here. March 29, This went in wayy different directions than I was expecting it to; good on you, author don't know your name, don't really care , for trying to "educate" your readers by being angry at them, and I honestly commend your efforts to break down an article in time for the manipulative tripe it really is I live under a rock and don't read magazines, so I don't know how honest or fake the article in question is, this was only partial sarcasm.

Posted by Altostrata March 29, 5: March 29, 5: I agree, it's about devoting your life to the corporation and, if you want to rise high, being relentless and ruthless in your ambition. Last, have you never heard of a corporate executive hiring a publicity firm? Posted by Anonymous March 29, 6: March 29, 6: Posted by Anonymous March 29, Go with option one. Experience in real engineering will be more attractive to consulting firms than consulting firm experience will be to real engineering firms.

Aggressively pursue training, different assignments, etc. It makes you look good without working extra hours and may actually be fun. If you get sick of where you are you'll have a lot of good stuff for your resume, including for switching to consulting. Or, here's simple test: Business travel sucks and no company will pay you enough to do it all the time.

If you disagree, be a consultant. Posted by Brian M March 30, March 30, While I agree with the liberation of women for how men have treated them so poorly over hundreds of years, I feel that it is begining to swing too far the other way. Women are getting away from their natural roles and taking on the roles of men.

We are moving away from our own masculine and feminine instincts and energies and the lines are becoming blurred. Posted by Giuseppe March 31, March 31, Aside from the posts themselves blowing your hair back, I am grateful for the comments and discussions on here.

The turn-around in some relationships has been uncanny and, in turn, has made MY life a lot better after getting past that initial 'faking it' phase. Posted by Anonymous March 31, 6: March 31, 6: She won't go with option 1. Have you ever seen a woman become a real engineer? An engineering degree is only a resume line for ambitious women.

The client usually provides the answer they want validated by the consulting firm. Women get to make the presentation. Just like models get to wear clothes that they didn't design. Posted by Melissa March 31, 6: I especially liked the words: Then who can unbrainwash them? Allie has it and I saw it on TV so I want it too. Not that I need it. I just WANT it. We ARE brainwashed and it's difficult to blame our mothers.

I think the blame comes from mass media and our peers. Posted by Rosa March 31, Posted by FL April 1, 2: April 1, 2: There is something to whole "women not becoming real engineers. You suggest that they want to be a part of the process, but not as a cog in the machine, but as the face of the machine - and the one that gets the praise for the success of the machine. They don't want, in general, to be a just another body in the workplace.

Face it, being the fullback on an NFL team is never as flashy or attention-getting as the wide receiver or quarterback.

This where I have noticed differences in the behavior of men and women. Early on in careers, innate talent and industrious traits cultivated through childhood are good predictors of success. This is were women fall behind. As TLP has explained above, the women who read Cosmo and Time are not advancing to the halls or power - but buying into an illusion of personal power. Breaking this down in the two prongs I've outlined above, women often buy into the illusion of knowledge.

Past girlfriends of mine all have bookcases - all showing off nonfiction books that at some point or another were popular. Never read or just briefly skimmed. I used to be disappointed their copy of "Brave New World" was unread, now I don't even blink an eye.

However, their fiction books are often well-worn. Fiction is a great way to let your mind wander and to develop your creativity when you read great writers. Yet, it is just that - a distraction. On the job - or enhancing your reputation as whip-smart - quoting Twilight won't help with that, but being able to quote from Pinker's "The Blank Slate," or a book on American history will.

Most professions don't benefit from consuming large amounts of fiction. Most professions benefit from the accumulation of large bodies of knowledge, the ability to make connections between different ideas and the ability to convey your thoughts coherently verbally or via the written word. While the ability to think critically is very important, it is worthless in a specialized profession without the commensurate depth of knowledge and communication ability.

As for the other prong of learning to manipulate power, this is a far, far more difficult task that will involve serious failures on the your way to manipulate power. It is an old truism that every successful American politician has a bald-faced defeat in his political past. Bill Clinton - stomped in his first reelection bid for governor, George W. Bush got squashed in his first ever bid for public office.

Which brings this back to the female readership of Cosmo and Time. It is inherently therapeutic - but the sort of therapy that TLP has identified as "But how to do I change? Which - and this point is sex-neutral - is that if you want to be successful career-wise or "rise to your level of incompetence," you have to change. Some people are more charismatic than others, understand the nuances of power the latter group more likely narcissistic than the average person , or whatever.

Yet, you have to change. What I see in women is a stalling. Once their graduation gown from college comes off, they gain some professional skills, but they are the same person. They haven't learned some rudimentary skills of charisma - steady eye contact, talk in terms of somebody else's interests, etc. They display them often, but not consistently at level that would highlight their value to upper management in the sense that this person knows how to appeal to people. Further, they don't understand the nuances of manipulation.

Pure application of the book "How To Win Friends And Influence People" will help anybody significantly - especially if they want to unhinge themselves from narcissistic self-indulgence as you have to learn to become genuinely interested in others - or learn to fake it, I suppose. The best mainstream analysis of power in America is embodied in "The Gervais Principle" google it. It is a series of posts analyzing power relations in modern corporate America, using the US version of "The Office" as vehicle to display how and why certain people climb the ladder - and why they stall.

Posted by True Story April 1, April 1, The problem is that the high power money supply, i. Relative to absolute value of prices it looks like inflation, but relative to output potential our shrunken money supply is behaving as deflation.

There's a reason that FIRE is so profitable for no fundamentals reason other than one: Of course wages are growing the slowest, hence why it looks like inflation is the problem. But that's the lie. Posted by Yvette April 1, Women belong in the workplace and they have fought hard to come as far as they have! Posted by Anonymous April 1, 2: The containers and bags open at both ends are filled with the sugarcane stalks, compost, and garden soil, which make possible the use of a minimal quantity of water is compared to open fields.

Doshi states that solar energy can replace soil in cities. He also recommends the idea of chain planning, or growing plants in intervals and in small quantities rather than at once and in large amounts. The concept of city farming developed by Dr. Doshi consumes the entire household's organic waste. He subsequently makes the household self-sufficient in the provision of food: The main objectives of a pilot project at city farm at Rosary High School, Dockyard Road, were to promote economic support for street children, beautify the city landscape, supply locally produced organic food to urban dwellers mainly those residing in slums , and to manage organic waste in a sustainable city.

The project was conducted in the Rosary School, in Mumbai, with the participation of street children during The participants were trained in urban farming techniques. The farm produced vegetables, fruits, and flowers.

The idea has spread the concept of city farm to other schools in the city. The Mumbai Port Trust MBPT central kitchen distributes food to approximately 3, employees daily, generating important amounts of organic disposal. A terrace garden created by the staff recycles ninety percent of this waste in the production of vegetables and fruits.

The activity of city farming was started initially to dispose of kitchen organic waste in an eco-friendly way. Staff members, after their daily work in the kitchen, tend the garden, which has about plants.

While the goals of the NGO are important in a global context, the community goals are being met through the work of forming the urban gardens themselves. In this sense, the creation, implementation, and maintenance of urban gardens are highly determined by the desires of the communities involved.

However, the criteria by which TEI measured their success illustrates the scope of benefits to a community which practices urban agriculture. TEI's success indicators were:. Recently, with relative food security in China, periurban agriculture has led to improvements in the quality of the food available, as opposed to quantity.

One of the more recent experiments in urban agriculture is the Modern Agricultural Science Demonstration Park in Xiaotangshan. Traditionally, Chinese cities have been known to mix agricultural activities within the urban setting. Shenzhen, once a small farming community, is now a fast-growing metropolis due to the Chinese government designation as an open economic zone.

Due to large and growing population in China, the government supports urban self-sufficiency in food production. Shenzhen's village structure, sustainable methods, and new agricultural advancements initiated by the government have been strategically configured to supply food for this growing city. The city farms are located about 10 kilometres 6. The first tier approached from city center produces perishable items. Located just outside these farms, hardier vegetables are grown such as potatoes, carrots, and onions.

This system allows producers to be sold in city markets just a few short hours after picking. Another impressive method used in Chinese agriculture and aquaculture practice is the mulberry-dike fish-pond system, which is a response to waste recycling and soil fertility.

This system can be described as: Mulberry trees are grown to feed silkworms and the silkworm waste is fed to the fish in ponds. The fish also feed on waste from other animals, such as pigs, poultry, and buffalo.

The animals, in turn, are given crops that have been fertilized by mud from the ponds. This is a sophisticated system as a continuous cycle of water, waste, and food As the population grows and industry advances, the city tries to incorporate potential agricultural growth by experimenting with new agricultural methods.

This farm was established with aspirations of producing large quantities and high-quality lychees, by constantly monitoring sugar content, and their seeds. This research, conducted by local agricultural universities allows for new methods to be used with hopes of reaching the needs of city consumers. However, due to increased levels of economic growth and pollution, some urban farms have become threatened. The government has been trying to step in and create new technological advancements within the agricultural field to sustain levels of urban agriculture.

According to the Municipal Bureau of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery the city will invest million yuan on farms located around the city, with hopes of the farms to provide "60 percent of the meat, vegetables, and aquatic products in the Shenzhen market".

There has also been an emerging trend of going green and organic as a response to pollution and pesticides used in farming practices. Vegetable suppliers are required to pass certain inspections held by the city's Agriculture Bureau before they can be sold as "green". Harare is particularly suited for urban agriculture, as its topography heavily features vleis , land drainage systems that become waterlogged in the rainy season.

When it rains they are difficult to cross, and in the dry season they shrink and crack, which causes structural damage to infrastructure, even though the vleis are still storing water underground. Therefore, these moisture-rich areas are mostly left unbuilt, allowing for urban cultivation. Aside from vleis and the private residential land that Harareans cultivate, considerable public land is used for agriculture in Harare: However, urban agriculture in Harare causes harm to the environment.

The practice has reduced rainwater infiltration into the soil by In the s, the failure of Structural Adjustment Programs induced greater unemployment, higher prices, and lower incomes, so more people started growing their own food. The practice continued in the s when a major recession brought about widespread poverty, unemployment, and enormous inflation. Finally, the Nyanga Declaration on Urban Agriculture in Zimbabwe explicitly acknowledged the value of urban agriculture for food security and the reduction of poverty.

Accepting that many people depend on it to survive, the government allocated sixty thousand hectares of land in Harare for cultivation purposes. In New York City , many low-income residents suffer from high rates of obesity and diabetes and limited sources of fresh produce.

The City and local nonprofit groups have been providing land, training and financial encouragement, but the impetus in urban farming has really come from the farmers, who often volunteer when their regular work day is done. Eligible projects include green roofs, rooftop farms, and rainwater harvesting on private property in combined sewer areas. Because of this grant program, New York City now has the world's largest rooftop farms.

Some urban gardeners have used empty lots to start a community or urban gardens. However, the soil must be tested for heavy contamination in city soil because of vehicle exhaust and remnants of old construction. The City also has a composting program, which is available to gardeners and farmers. One group, GreenThumb, provides free seedlings. Another program, the City Farms project operated by the nonprofit Just Food, offers courses on growing and selling food. Two alternate means of growing are rooftop gardens and hydroponic soil-less growing.

The New York Times wrote an article about one of Manhattan's first gardens which incorporate both these techniques. In response to the recession of , a coalition of community-based organizations, farmers, and academic institutions in California's Pomona Valley formed the Pomona Valley Urban Agriculture Initiative. After the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement , cheap grain from the United States flooded Mexico, driving peasant farmers off of their land.

Many immigrated to the Pomona Valley and found work in the construction industry. With the recession, the construction industry also suffered in the region. It is unlikely to regain its former strength because of severe water shortages in this desert region as well as ongoing weakness in the local economy.

These immigrants were dry land organic farmers in their home country by default since they did not have access to pesticides and petroleum-based fertilizers. Now, they found themselves on the border of two counties: Los Angeles County with a population of 10 million and almost no farmland, and San Bernardino County which has the worst access to healthy food in the state.

In response to these conditions, Uncommon Good, a community-based nonprofit organization that works with immigrant farmer families, convened a forum which became the Urban Farmers Association.

The Urban Farmers Association is the first organization of its kind for poor immigrant farmers in the Pomona Valley. Its goal is to develop opportunities for its members to support themselves and their families through urban agriculture. Urban agriculture in West Oakland has taken a radical form that can be traced back to community gardening initiatives starting in the s in the cities of Berkeley and Oakland , and the city's African-American heritage.

To reduce racial tension, the Oakland Housing Authority established housing projects for blacks in West Oakland and whites in East Oakland. With exclusionary covenants and redlining by banks, development capital was kept out of West Oakland while the African-American population had limited opportunities to rent or buy housing outside West Oakland.

A small amount of this food came from small local gardens planted by BPP members. Nathan McClintock, "The Panthers used gardening as a coping mechanism and a means of supplementing their diets, as a well as a means to strengthen community members engaged in the struggle against oppression. The group planted in empty and vacant lots in West Oakland. In addition, schools around Alameda County began teaching basic gardening skills and food education. City Slicker Farms was founded in in response to the lack of access to fresh produce in West Oakland.

Through land donations from local residents, a network of urban farms was created through the Community Market Farms Program, and in the organization established the Backyard Garden Program to aid West Oakland residents in growing their own food at home. A study conducted on urban farms in surveyed over farms that identified as urban. The survey found that most urban farms in the United States are structured as either non-profit or solely owned. Urban farms typically use techniques that allow them to produce intensively on small land.

Mainly, these practices include raised beds, greenhouse, and container gardens. Of the products made, an overwhelming majority of urban farms focus on fresh vegetable, followed by herbs and flowers.

If an urban farm focuses on animals, the primary animal is hens. Bees and sheep are the second most common urban farm animals. Most urban farms agree on the main challenges that they face; production costs, managing pests, managing weeds, and climate. They also see profitability, financing, and farm labor as big challenges of managing an urban farm.

Canada has a number of companies working on urban farm technology, including Lufa Farms. In Montreal, there are 97 community gardens which allow citizens space in each plot to grow their plants. The program has been in place since and is managed by the boroughs. Of the eighteen boroughs, some have a gardening instructor who visits the gardens regularly to give gardeners tips. The soil, a water supply, a space for tools, sand, fencing, and paint are all provided by the city.

A Canadian urban farmer in British Columbia has published details on a crop value rating CVR system that urban farmers can use to determine which crops to grow, based on each crop's contribution to supporting the farm economically.

For example, the urban farmer may not be able to economically justify growing sweet corn based on long days to maturity and low yield density per linear foot of row , but a networking arrangement is mutually beneficial, as it lets a rural sweet corn grower gain an additional point of sale at retail price while also letting the urban farmer fill the gap in his product line offering. Todmorden is a town of 17, inhabitants in Yorkshire , United Kingdom with a successful urban agriculture model.

The project, which began in , has meant that food crops have been planted at forty locations throughout the town. All are "propaganda gardens" promoting locals to consider growing local, to eat seasonal, to consider the provenance of their food, and to enjoy fresh. The city of Rosario population: Its Land Use Plan makes specific provision for the agricultural use of public land. In , the green circuit consisted of more than 30 ha of land used to grow vegetables, fruit and medicinal and aromatic plants.

The city has five garden parks — large, landscaped green areas covering a total of 72 ha of land, which are used for agriculture and for cultural, sports and educational activities. The benefits that UPA brings along to cities that implement this practice are numerous. The transformation of cities from only consumers of food to generators of agricultural products contributes to sustainability, improved health, and poverty alleviation.

It is known that a large part of the people involved in urban agriculture is the urban poor. In developing countries, the majority of urban agricultural production is for self-consumption, with surpluses being sold in the market.

According to the FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations , urban poor consumers spend between 60 and 80 percent of their income on food, making them very vulnerable to higher food prices. Community centers and gardens educate the community to see agriculture as an integral part of urban life.

The Florida House Institute for Sustainable Development in Sarasota, Florida , serves as a public community and education center in which innovators with sustainable, energy-saving ideas can implement and test them. Community centers like Florida House provide urban areas with a central location to learn about urban agriculture and to begin to integrate agriculture with the urban lifestyle. Urban farms also are a proven effective educational tool to teach kids about healthy eating and meaningful physical activity.

Municipal greening policy goals can pose conflicts. For example, policies promoting urban tree canopy are not sympathetic to vegetable gardening because of the deep shade cast by trees. However, some municipalities like Portland, Oregon, and Davenport, Iowa are encouraging the implementation of fruit-bearing trees as street trees or as park orchards to meet both greening and food production goals. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Government ministries Universities and colleges.

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